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A Guide to 6 Primary Vein Conditions

Whether it’s tiny spider veins or deep varicose veins; suffering from a vein condition can, at the very least, bring discomfort and self consciousness.

For those dealing with varicose vein disease, painful physical side effects are also extremely common. If you’re interested in learning more about your vein condition, including the cause of varicose and spider veins and their side effects, we encourage you to read on. If you have any questions or wish to arrange a complimentary consultation with a vein specialist near you, please feel free to contact us at any time.

Do you suffer from Leg Veins?

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Leg Veins

A poor circulatory system can result in leg pain and ultimately, varicose veins.

What are Leg Veins?

A poor circulatory system can result in leg pain and ultimately, varicose veins. Varicose and spider veins in your legs can cause tiredness, numbness, rashes, heaviness, and swelling in the legs. If you’re afflicted with swelling, especially, please seek immediate medical attention as sudden leg swelling could indicate a possible blood clot and deep vein thrombosis.

Treatment for Leg Veins

On the plus side, patients have multiple treatment options available. These treatment options include:

Endovenous Laser Treatment—Endovenous laser treatment has replaced vein surgery as the premier method of treating varicose veins in legs. A small tube is inserted directly into your greater or smaller saphenous vein. These superficial veins in your thighs are the ones most associated with causing varicose veins. A fiber in the tube then releases a continuous stream of laser energy, this energy heats and seals off your faulty vein.

Vein Removal Surgery—While lasers have mostly made vein removal surgeries obsolete, they can still be a viable option for larger varicose veins. Different vein removal surgery methods utilize different types of incisions, but all surgeries either strip or tie off varicose veins in the legs. Without the problem vein, your leg veins will redirect your blood flow to stronger veins.

Laser Vein Removal—When leg veins are too small for endovenous laser treatments or vein removal surgeries, more precise methods must be utilized. While spider leg veins are too thin for surgical removal, laser vein removal can harmlessly remove those leg veins with a burst of light. The unwanted leg veins shut down and disappear over the next couple of weeks. No surgery or downtime is required.

Sclerotherapy—Along the same vein as laser vein removal, sclerotherapy is also applied towards removing smaller veins. The difference is that, disparate from laser vein removal, sclerotherapy requires the usage of a needle. This needle is used for injectable option causes coagulation of the veins over a period of time.

Do you suffer from Varicose Veins?

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Varicose Veins

Dark, raised, often-unsightly veins near surface of skin. Varicose veins occur most often on the legs...

What are Varicose Veins?

Varicose veins tend to be dark purple or blue in color, raised from the skin, and twisted in their appearance. They most commonly appear on the calves and the inside of the legs. Varicose veins are much like spider veins but larger, unsightlier, and much harder to remove.

What are Varicose Veins?

Varicose veins develop in the legs because of the pressure put on these limbs. Since we stand upright, gravity forces a lot of pressure on the lower part of the body, and the veins there have to work harder to send blood back to the heart. This can break the valves and allow blood to pool, causing the unsightly appearance of varicose veins.

Over time, varicose veins can become enlarged and quite painful, even causing swelling in the feet and legs. While some people have them removed purely for cosmetic reasons, others seek relief of such symptoms. Varicose veins are no longer functional, so no damage is done to the circulatory system by removing them.

What Causes Varicose Veins?

Women are more likely to experience this condition than men. The potential for varicose vein development is also heightened during pregnancy, for obese people, and for those who spend long days on their feet. However, the cause of varicose veins in most people is hereditary. This can make varicose vein removal more difficult than simply losing weight. These large, unsightly veins can also be connected to more serious blood clotting issues such as deep-vein thrombosis.

There are several options for removing varicose veins. Smaller ones can usually be effectively treated with sclerotherapy injections. For more severe or developed cases, laser vein treatment might be used, or surgical methods. Endovenous Laser Treatment, or ELT, is currently the most advanced and effective form of laser vein removal for varicose leg veins.

Do you suffer from Spider Veins?

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Spider Veins

Fine, colored blood vessels at surface of skin in face and legs...

Treatments for Spider Veins

Laser technology has become the most popular treatment to get rid of spider veins. Laser spider vein removal works best on small to medium sized veins. Lasers work by targeting the blood vessels in spider veins. The surrounding tissue remains intact as the capillaries absorb the energy and are eliminated. The resulting dead vein is harmlessly absorbed back into your body. IPL Photofacial and Laser Skin Rejuvenation are popular for spider vein removal; they’re safe, effective, with little downtime involved. Fraxel® lasers and Fractional Laser Skin Resurfacing are other laser vein options.

Sclerotherapy is perhaps the most common treatment for spider vein removal. It involves a fine needle that injects a hardening solution directing into the spider vein. The spider veins harden and collapse back into the body. Sclerotherapy for spider veins is best for larger veins that lasers might not be able to treat.

What are Spider Veins?

Telangietasias, better known as spider veins, are tiny blood vessels near the skin’s surface, usually only a few millimeters long. Spider veins are similar to varicose veins, only smaller and closer to your top layer of skin. They tend to be red or blue in color and are often shaped like a jagged tree branches or a spider’s web, thus the name. And just like varicose veins, spider veins serve no function, so there is no problem with spider vein removal.

Where do Spider Veins Form?

Spider veins are most common on the nose, cheeks, and chin, but can also form on legs, mostly around the upper thigh, knee joint, and ankle. Spider veins occur because of poor blood circulation. Blood leaks back into the veins and pools there. Spider veins can also be caused by hormone changes, hereditary factors, sun damage, and rosacea. No matter what the cause is, however, there are several spider vein treatments that work.

Do you suffer from Facial Veins?

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Facial Veins

Clothing can cover up even the worst cases of leg veins, but facial veins unfortunately are visible for all of us to see.

What are Facial Veins?

Clothing can cover up even the worst cases of leg veins, but facial veins unfortunately are visible for all of us to see. Facial veins are not linked to any health risks, but can cause discomfort and embarrassment. These veins are essentially dilated blood vessels that appear as thin red veins or slightly larger blue-green veins. Facial veins are normally categorized as either spider veins or reticular veins. Typically, they appear on the nose, cheeks, forehead, eyelids, neck, and upper chest.

Formation of Facial Veins

Marked by a fine, irregular pattern reminiscent of a spider’s web, spider veins are smaller and usually found on the nose, chin, and cheeks. Meanwhile, the larger reticular veins (roughly 2-3 mm) are normally found by the temple and at the edge of the jaw. Facial veins are hereditary and considered an aesthetic issue, often associated with rosacea and liver disease. They can also be caused by sun damage and hormonal changes such as those that occur during pregnancy.

Treatment of Facial Veins

Since facial spider veins have become such a nuisance, there are now viable options to eliminate them. While, these facial veins do in fact carry blood, they are not a part of your venous valve system. This means facial veins serve no function and can be removed without any harm to yourself. Since even large facial veins are relatively small and your face is a delicate area, vein removal surgery is not usually an option. Therefore, the ideal treatment options for facial veins are laser vein removal and sclerotherapy.

Laser Vein Removal—The facial vein treatment most recommended by vein clinics for facial spider veins is laser vein removal. This method offers a low risk, effective solution. While other more invasive treatments can cause scarring, laser or intense pulsed light (IPL) treatments destroy the blood vessel, while leaving the surrounding tissue untouched.

Sclerotherapy—Sclerotherapy for facial vein removal is reserved for those larger reticular veins that may be unaffected by laser vein removal. Unlike laser vein removal, sclerotherapy is an injectable solution, best suiting it for medium-sized veins. Because the smallest facial veins are simply too small for the needle, sclerotherapy forces the blood to coagulate in the facial vein, breaking it down over time.

Do you suffer from Nose Veins?

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Nose Veins

The redness in the skin caused by broken capillaries in the nose is actually a network of tiny, dilated spider veins.

What are Nose Veins?

Broken blood vessels and nose veins are just another name for facial telangiectasias or spider veins. The redness in the skin caused by broken capillaries is actually a network of tiny, dilated spider veins. The only difference between burst blood vessels and spider veins is that a broken capillary on the face usually will diminish in a matter of days, while spider veins seem to be a little more permanent, due to having a “feeder” vein supplying it blood.

Treatments for Broken Blood Vessels

While broken nasal blood vessels can be treated with lasers, they will typically fade away on their own, which means you don’t always need to invest time and money into a nose vein treatment. However, it’s important to know that burst blood vessels can be caused by food allergies, sun exposure, high blood pressure, abrasive face cleansers, temperature changes, alcohol, spicy foods, and even frequent nose blowing. Also, fair-skinned people are generally more susceptible to broken blood vessels and they have a stronger effect on older patients. Avoiding spicy foods and too much sun can be a great start to treating broken capillaries on the face. By implementing a daily skin care regime with a topical antioxidant and sunscreen, you should have a much easier time preventing broken capillaries.

Treatments for Nose Veins

On the other hand, spider nose veins can be caused by the side effects of illnesses or more significant conditions, such as rosacea or rhinophyma. Rosacea is a chronic, acne-like condition that causes redness, bumps, and, of course, spider veins. It can start with just a subtle flushing of the nose, cheeks, chin, or forehead, but if left untreated, rosacea can worsen over time. Untreated rosacea can cause rhinophyma, an enlargement of tissue, particularly in the nose, which can create a bulbous, ruddy appearance. Regardless of whether you have spider veins caused by rosacea, rhinophyma, or something else, it’s best to look into treatments such as sclerotherapy or laser vein removal. And if broken capillaries are a persistent nuisance, consult with a specialist so you can correctly identify the problem before it gets more difficult to treat.